Friday, November 04, 2011

Stairstep Lacuna with Combination of Iris Signs


The Stairstep lacunae accompanied with multiple closed lacunae, small melanin pigment granulation and contraction furrows at  the renal pelvis reaction field - 165'~170' indicate greater tendencies to :
- Renal degeneration in the family history.
- Poor cellular respiration and increased oxidative stress.
- Kreb's Cycle dysfunction.
(John Andrews, Iris & Pupillary Signs, 3rd Edition, pg.52)

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